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Running a C++ Functions from QML

When I first read about Cascades "they" said use QML for the UI and C++ for the logic.  Okay, great so I wrote a function in C++ and made a pretty UI in QML... Now what?  In this example I'll go through the steps it takes to call a C++ function from the QML.  However this example won't have a pretty UI.

This example will take two user inputs, number of items and price per item, and computes the price of all the items after a 5% sales tax.

1. Create a basic UI with a few Labels, TextFields, and a Button.

main.qml:

import bb.cascades 1.0
Page {
    content: Container {
        Label {
            text: qsTr("Enter the number of items purchased: ")
        }
        TextField {
            id: in1
            objectName: "in1"
        }
        Label {
            text: qsTr("Enter the price per item ($):")
        }
        TextField {
            id: in2
            objectName: "in2"
        }
        Button {
            id: button
            objectName: "button"
            text: "Compute"
            onClicked: {
                
            }
        }
        Label {
            id: total
            objectName: "total"
            text: "Final bill, including 5% tax, is $____"
        }
    }

 

Screen:

2. Write a function in C++ that performs the required operation.  I have named my function "clickedButton" with two variables "number" and "price".  These will be replaced by user inputs from the QML

 

clickedButton(int number, int price) { const double TAX_rate = 0.05; double subtotal; subtotal = price*number; return (subtotal+subtotal*TAX_rate); } 

 

3. Now add this function to the app.cpp and set the context property.  I have set it as "app" in the line: qml->setContextProperty("app", this);

app.cpp:

 

#include "app.hpp"
#include <bb/cascades/Application>
#include <bb/cascades/QmlDocument>
#include <bb/cascades/AbstractPane>
using namespace bb::cascades;
App::App()
{
    QmlDocument *qml = QmlDocument::create("main.qml");
    qml->setContextProperty("app", this);
    
    AbstractPane *root = qml->createRootNode();
    Application::setScene(root);
}
double App::clickedButton(int number, int price)
{
    const double TAX_rate = 0.05;
    double subtotal;
    subtotal = price*number;
    return (subtotal+subtotal*TAX_rate);
}

 

4. This function must be declared in header file, app.hpp.  So add the function to the file as a Q_INVOKABLE.

app.hpp

 

#ifndef APP_H
#define APP_H
#include <QtCore/QObject>
#include <QtCore/QMetaType>
#include <bb/cascades/Event>
#include <bb/cascades/UiObject>
#include <bb/cascades/Control>
#include 
class App: public QObject {
Q_OBJECT
public:
App();
Q_INVOKABLE double clickedButton(int number, int price);
};
#endif

 

5. Now back to the QML add the function call inside of the onClicked parameter of the button.  Since we want the text from the TextField id "in1" for the first variable we call "in1.text" and same for TextField id "in2" we call the second variable as "in2.text".  As you know from C++ these two will now take the place of "number" and "price", respectively, in our function.  And we want this output to be shown in the Label id "total" so the onClicked sends it to "total.text"

 

...           onClicked: {                 total.text = "Final bill, including 5% tax, is $" + app.clickedButton(in1.text, in2.text);             } ...

 

6. Run the app to test:

NOTE: This is a trivial example because you do not need to C++ to do this calculation.  The onClicked of the button could have simply been:

 

total.text = "Final bill, including 5% tax, is $" + (in1.text*in2.text+(in1.text*in2.text*0.05));

 

And it will produce the same result without needing to write a function and add it to the app.cpp or app.hpp files in the first place.  However this strategy can be used to call much more complicated C++ functions that you would not want to write inline of the onClicked.

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  • Guest (Jim)

    You have posted very nice tutorial of C++ which i like reading. I must say it is a nice educational post which is very help for students who are learning C++. I expect more similar articles from you in future.
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